Interviewing Howard Clark (2 of 4) – mp4 (431MB) /webm (364,7MB) vídeo, 35 mins. Vídeo 2: What do pacifists do? (2) Nonviolent struggle/activism in the world (2)
ESPAÑOL. Los vídeos de la entrevista a Howard Clark están en inglés pero están editados para que sirvan en clase de inglés en la pública, secundaria, EEOOII, universidad…
ENGLISH. The vídeos of the interview to Howard Clark are in English but they are edited to be student-friendly in English lessons at secondary, adult schools, universities…
“Every significant nonviolent movement has taken people by surprise” – Howard Clark Interview, Mujer Palabra, June 2013
Key words: Direct nonviolent actions. Ways of struggling through nonviolence. Critical ideas for researchers. Researchers and nonviolent struggle. The lives of activists — during and after. Mutual support and solidarity.
Chile 1980s: nonviolent struggle against the dictatorship; Overcoming fear. Afirmación y resistencia. Creative committees. Creating the Police Event. Evaluation: “Every action is an experiment”. “And I think because I’m an activist and not just a researcher when it comes to be researching on nonviolent action I can bring out more dynamics like that”. “Every significant nonviolent movement has taken people by surprise” examples – Britain: Women for Life on Earth (proto Greenham women movement). The Arab Spring. Czecoslovakia: 1989 Civic Forum, Prague. “experimenting, inventing, not aware of the limits, sometimes very aware of the risks, unaware of what they can achieve” Researchers need to recapture the historical imagination on this. You can be depressed not finding a way to act, and a year later… 🙂 example – South Africa: Hunger strikes against apartheid. 1989. “The priviledge of working at the WRI office: meeting incredibly determined people who were going to put their life into something”. More examples: Turkey, 1995: Ossi. Repression, “civil death”, still being liable for call-up. Solidarity and mutual support – an example iniciated in Germany. Trust and who to trust. How some people change completely, others don’t, example – 1995 Greece CO called up again in 2013 for opposing Cuts. International solidarity in court cases. 28 years at WRI. How nonviolent actions can be more than Direct NV action: being the ideal you pursue, being there to listen and analyse. The importance of listening for WRI as an international. What can people do? Flock together! Groups. Workshops. Nonviolence Training: helping you think, tools. WRI Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns vínculo externo. Eritrea. Groups. The importance of communication (feminism & pacifism). Spain: 15M. Asambleas: communication and analyses. Leadership. [Beg. 15M: Feminists facing trouble at Sol-ution Square, a link] Male leadership and how people managed it to move on in terms of developing participation. Non-hierarchical kinds of organization, playful spirit, well-briefed people who do not want to speak to the media. The difference between groups and a people’s movement. Distorted analyses of 15M. 15M fighting evictions: Ada Colau, leadership and being a woman. Experts on evictions in every neighborhood – example: Violeta. Mareas verdes (green waves, in defence of public/state-run education). Yolanda. How they organize taking care of children so their parents can keep the struggle going. The problem of people not wanting to present their points publicly.