Speaking Common Mistakes

SAY/TELL: you have to be accurate in this. Avoid “said to” because you need to practice “tell + sb”

  • If you mention the person who was told something, you need to use TELL, e.g., I told you! He told her that… She told us… Remember that the h’s (her, his) and “th” in “them” are often not pronounced in fluent speech! They told ‘im… So learn to HEAR the TWO words.
  • If you just want to say what was said, use SAY, e.g., She said (that)…, He says he lives in…, They were saying they wanted to…

Master the use of certain structures through Oral Drilling at home.

  • Quiere que hagamos el diálogo con el límite de tiempo
    She WANTs US TO DO the timed dialogue.
  • Dijo que le gustaría que le llamáramos.
    He/She said that he/she WANTED US TO CALL him/her.

WATCH OUT: in indirect speech, you learned/learnt (Y5’s) – will learn (Y3) that if we want to report orders (imperatives and sometimes “have to”, if it feels like an order) we use TELL plust the FULL INFINITIVE:

She told us to turn our gadgets off. cf. She said, “Turn your gadgets off” or (for Y5’s) think of the langauge function because different kinds of wording could be similar, e.g. She said, “You have to turn your gadgets off” – (for Y3’s say) “She told us we HAD TO turn… – or Could you wait for me?!! > She told us to wait for her – (for Y3’s) She asked if we could wait for her.
He told us to ask the janitor. cf. He said, “Ask the janitor”

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